In civil cases, this is the person against whom the plaintiff brings suit. In a criminal case, it is the alleged criminal. Due Process of Law: The due process of the law affords every individual the right to be treated with certain rights as evidenced in the reading of Miranda Rights-as dictated by the federal government in order for the processing of an offender to be fair.
Evidence: The data and witness accounts to be used as proof that a particular person committed the offense in question. Originally enacted in to help consumers fix errors in their credit reports, the law now also applies to the act of seeking a background check, particularly when the check is performed by an employer.
To this end, employers must notify potential employees of any background check performed on the employee before the process begins. Infraction: Within the three basic classifications of crime, an infraction refers to the least serious of law violations-typically punishable by minor fines, etc. Juvenile Criminal Records: Criminal records of persons who have committed crimes or been arrested by law enforcement, prior to being a certain age. These records are often expunged as a juvenile is not often deemed worthy of being old enough to make an informed decision.
Misdemeanors, like felonies, are further categorized according to the severity of the crime committed into Classes A, B, and C-with Class A being the most serious and Class C misdemeanors being the least serious. Online Criminal Background Check : A common way that people go about seeking criminal records is by using an online background check.
These online services check thousands of database records for criminal records listed at various criminal justice and law enforcement resources.
Petit Jury: Also known as a trial jury, this group, usually made up of 12 people, is responsible for hearing presented facts and forming a unanimous judgement against an alleged criminal. In federal variants the number of jurors can be as little as 6. Preliminary Hearing: An appearance in front of a court which determines initially, if there is enough evidence for a trial if the defendant has already pleaded not guilty.
It can be a punishment in exchange for prison or for a lesser term. Probation Court: A type of court which deals exclusively with dealings of probation, to include both terms of probation as well as probation violations. Probation Violation: When a convicted criminal ordered to certain terms of probation, fails to serve the probation obligations correctly.
Prosecution: The act of a person being formally charged and processed for a specific crime. Restitution: As a part of sentencing, many courts will require that a convicted criminal pay the victim of the crime a certain amount of money or value to apologize for the damages incurred. This is called restitution. Search Criminal Records : The search for criminal records information is one that a person undertakes through an online and physical search at various information repositories-within the law enforcement and criminal justice system-which hold the criminal records for the individual in question.
The person can approach a search for this information with or without the help of a third party service. Sex Offender Check : This is a type of online search run through an online check service, which has access to database information on registered sex offenders.
Online check services run checks to locate sex offenders in a given area-as supplied by the seeker. Sex Offender Records : Popular means of criminal records, in which sexual crimes of particular individuals are listed with details to include: full name, address, a seriousness of the crime, etc-as stipulated by jurisdiction. Sex Offender Registry: Under Federal Law, every sex offender is required to register in a publically accessible database, every few years as well as every time they move or change jobs.
Statute of limitations: This refers to the time in which a lawsuit is able to be filed. The deadline can change depending on the jurisdiction, and the type of civil or criminal case. Verdict: This term represents the decision of a trial jury or petit jury that determines the guilt or innocence of a defendant. It almost always determines the final outcome of the case. Witness: Someone who has seen or had access to evidence that supports a particular criminal case. Last Name:.
State: Please select What is a Criminal Record? Arrest Record When a person is arrested due to a perceived criminal act, an arrest record aka criminal record is created.
Arrest Warrant An arrest warrant is an official document that is signed by a judge and provides the police the ability to arrest a specific person. Misdemeanor A misdemeanor is a criminal offense that is considered a minor crime that is usually punishable by a fine or jail sentence of less than 1 year. Felony A felony conviction is the most serious type of criminal offense and can either include violent or non-violent circumstances. Sex Offender Listing The national sex offender listing database is coordinated by the Department of Justice and enables the general public and government authorities the ability to obtain the latest information among all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam and numerous Native American tribes about the identity and location of known sex offenders.
Serious Traffic Violations A serious traffic violation is usually a traffic crime that can be punishable as a misdemeanor or felony. Most landlords recommend starting with a credit report, since these reports will help you identify financially stable renters.
Online credit reports will show you information about financial issues like foreclosures, detainer lawsuits, evictions, and bankruptcies. Generally, credit scores required for renting apartments are over Here are a few things to know:. When you want to find out whether a would-be tenant is reliable and trustworthy, these records can help you find out.
This post was contributed by a community member. The views expressed here are the author's own. We can't look inside of a man or woman's head in order to gauge their personality or character.
We should never fall for people's appearance and first impressions aren't to be trusted if one is wise. Carrying out a little exploration into someone's public records is possible with a push of a computer mouse on just about anybody we know or do business with. So where can one do a background check in Washington? Washington state and local county public record directories are the answer. A big positive for using local public records to complete a background check is that they are totally free to view.